Various types of Banarasi Silk Sarees
Banarsai silk sarees are famous not only in India but also over worldwide. Banarasi sarees are made in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh which is also called Banaras. These sarees have won every woman’s heart because of their range of colors and beautiful designs. Banarasi Sarees are also preferred by Indian brides just because of their beautiful elegance.
Types of Banarasi saree
Banarasi sarees are classified on the basis of the basic fabric used for designing and weaving the sarees. According to this classification, there are four broad categories namely pure silk (Katan), Organaza (kora) with zari and silk, Georgette, and Shattir.
As per the design, the classification of Banarasi sarees is of six types. These sarees are namely Jangla, Tanchoi, Cutwork, Shikargarh, Tissue, and Butidar.
According to fabric used the Banarasi sarees are classified as:
Katan Banarasi Saree
Katan is a type of Banarasi silk saree with plain silk fabric. These sarees are woven with pure silk threads that are twisted. Now a day’s this saree is produced using looms, in ancient times Katan sarees were handwoven using handlooms. These sarees are more durable for a longer period of time. These sarees are more preferred by brides and for special occasions.
Shattir Banarasi Saree
Shattir saree is comparatively lightweight and simplistic than the Katan ones. Shattirs sarees are made to make them more cost-effective and, more affordable for all. These sarees are lighter in both fabric and design that makes them suitable for regular use.
Organza (Kora) with Zari and Silk Banarasi Saree
Another type of Banarasi silk sarees is Organaza or kora variety of fabric. It mainly consists of zari work that comes in predominant shades of gold and silver which you can say zari brocade. This zari brocade makes saree beautiful which is a richly woven fabric where the patterns are patterned with different designs.
Georgette Banarasi Saree
Georgette Banarasi saree is one of the lightest material woven saree. The fabric used to create georgette is made up of crepe yarn.
As per the design, the classification of Banarasi sarees are of six types:
Jangla Banarasi Saree
Jangla Banarasi sarees are woven with colorful threads having patterns depicting Jangla vegetation motif. These give saree a unique characteristic from other sarees.
Shikargarh Banarasi Saree
Like Janglas, the Shikargarh Banarasi saree display motifs that derived from many elements of nature. But while the jangla saree comes with floral and jungle patterns on them, the Shikargarh Banarasi saree have hunting scenes and animal motif depictions along their body.
Tanchoi Banarasi Saree
Tanchoi Banarasi Saree is made by weaving patterns with colorful weft silk yarns. This saree has brocade that however does not feature any zari work. These types of Banarasi saree have intricately woven jamawar style paisleys while the border might have criss-cross patterns. These make saree lightweight to carry as they delicate to look at.
Cutwork Banarasi saree
As the name suggest that these sarees are made with cutwork technique on pain textured fabric after removal of its floated thread. In cut work, the pattern is made to run from selvage to selvage letting it hang loosely between two motifs and the extra-thread is then cut manually.
Tissue Banarasi Saree
Banaras weavers have evolved a techinique of weaving tissue material which looked like a golden cloth. These sarees are patterned with golden lotuses floating in a glimmering pond, with the cut work technique also incorporated to design the water drops. Tissue banarasi sarees are most popular among affluent as wedding sarees.
Butidar Banarasi Saree
Butidar sarees are made up of brocades with threads of gold, silver and silk. Gold is darker in shade as compared to silver threads. This variety of brocade patterning is also known as Ganga-Jamuna.
This richly woven saree have the Motif that features the Luttar Bail, Khulta bail, Baluchar bail, Mehrab bail, Doller butti,Ashraffi Butti, Mehrab Anchal, Baluchar Butta etc.